For the second task in relation to this weeks reading-Virtual Typography we was asked to undertake further research on at least two examples of work or practitioners that we find interesting in the reading. I chose to look at Guillaume Apollinaire and Charles-Francois Panard as both created visual poetry and as that is the movement I am least familiar with I thought it would be the best to research further.
Guillaume Apollinaire 1880-1918
Guillaume Apollinaire is considered one of the most important literary figures of the early twentieth century. His brief career influenced the development of such artistic movements as Futurism, Cubism, Dadaism, and Surrealism. Apollinaire’s first collection of poetry, L’enchanteur pourrissant, appeared in 1909, and his reputation was established in 1913 with Alcools, a melange of classical versification and modern imagery. Apollinaire experimented with the visual appearance of his poems, using unconventional layouts and typography. He pioneered a type of verse called an “ideogram” which was equally a picture and a poem.
Charles-Francois Panard 1689-1765
Charles-Francois Panard was an 18th-century French poet, chansonnier, playwright and goguettier. Charles-Francois often quoted que mon flacon/me semble bon…, an ode to the comforting effects of wine, aptly disposed in the shape of a bottle. Charles-Francois has three pattern poems in the oeuvres choisies (1803) The first is a bottle, his second piece is a companion glass and last poem is two crosses–french pattern poems, early and late, seem to follow a standard set of forms-the classic ones from Greek Anthology, crosses, glasses and bottles, above all.